この戦争は the First Congo War とよばれ、Mobutu大統領が勢力をなくしていくにつれて徐々に収束していき、反政府勢力が Democratic Republic of Congo(コンゴ民主共和国) の新たなリーダーになるんですね。これをきっかけに、これまで Zaire とよばれていた国が今の Democratic Republic of Congo(コンゴ民主共和国) に改名します。
その後も Rwanda(ルワンダ)の民族紛争と Democratic Republic of Congo(コンゴ民主共和国) の内部対立が組み合わさって争いは続いていき、1998年には 、
Although the Democratic Republic of Congo is rich in various natural resources, it has struggled with serious poverty and unstable politics in the country.
After nationalist movements occurred, the Democratic Republic of Congo (the republic of Zaire) became independent from Belgium in 1960.
Although president Mobutu tried to nationalize the country by rejecting foreign firms and investment in the early 1970s, it failed.
With Belgium transferring the debt during its colonial era to the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the government of the DRC defaulted on loans from Belgium in 1989. This, however, led to the introduction of multiparty politics and free-market economy.
In 1994, a genocide happened in the neighboring country, Rwanda, and the refugees fled to the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since the Hutu refugees in the DRC was still a threat to Rwandan Tutsi. Rwanda Tutsi invaded the refugee camps in the Democratic Republic of Congo, backed by an anti-Mobutu rebel group, the Alliance for Democratic Liberation (AFDL).
The neighboring Uganda, Angola, Zambia, and other armed groups joined to support the Mobutu government (the First Congo War).
As Mobutu was removed by rebels, the war faded out. The Alliance for Democratic Liberation (AFDL) rebels and the Rwandan Tutsi army gained power in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the country was renamed the Democratic Republic of Congo from Zaire.
The Second Congo War began in 1998 between
Rwanda Tutsi and Uganda forces
Zimbabwe, Namibia, Angola and DRC forces.
The war lasted until 2003 when the Democratic Republic of Congo made peace deals with Rwanda and Uganda.
Despite the end of the war, political instability in the Democratic Republic of Congo still causes domestic conflicts, for instance the Ituri conflict between the Lendu, which are mainly farmers and the Hema, which are mainly herders.