でも独裁者を倒したは良いものの、明確なリーダーがいなくなった Somalia(ソマリア) では紛争状態になるんですね。
Al Jazeera, BBC News, CaspianReport, NowThis World
Note in English
Muhammad Siad Barre got his political power in Somalia by military coup and started a socialist dictatorship supported by the Soviet Union.
Under his rule, Somalia invaded Ogaden area in Ethiopia since a lot of Somalians lived in the area. The Soviet Union, however, supported Ethiopia as another socialist country at that time, and Somalia was defeated despite receiving the U.S. support.
This loss of conflict made people in Somalia dissatisfied with the Barre regime, and he lost his power in 1991. The lack of clear leadership, however, led to more conflicts.
Under this circumstance, an interim government, called the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), was established in Somalia by international organizations in 2004, but an radical Islamist group, known as Al-Shabaab, was formed to fight against the interim government.
In 2006, Al-Shabaab occupied the capital of Somalia, Mogadishu, and this incident led Ethiopia and the United States that was concerned about the rise of radicalism to support the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and to fight against Al-Shabaab in 2007.
Although their support succeeded in undermining the influence of Al-Shabaab, their power increased again as the Ethiopia troops left in 2009.
Even today, the conflict in Somalia still continue and has included the neighboring countries into the conflict.
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