今日は中東にある Qatar(カタール) という国についてです！
1981年に the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) という連合組織が組まれ、
United Arab Emirates(アラブ首長国連邦)
この Al Jazeera というメディアは、中東政治に関する際どい内容なども報道していくスタンスをとっていて、これは中東のリーダーをしてきた Saudi Arabia(サウジアラビア) にとっては都合が悪かったんです。
こうして今現在も Qatar(カタール) が中東の新たな勢力として台頭してきているわけです。
Note in English
It is important to see the rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran when you look at the situation in the Middle East, but Qatar has been increasing its power. in the region
Qatar got independence from Britain in 1971 and has been a rich country by exporting its abundant oil and natural gas.
In 1981, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia united and established the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) for the stronger political and economic cooperation. This unity also meant to prevent the influence of the Iranian revolution in 1979 from spreading all over the Middle East.
The new prime minister in Qatar since 1995, however, was not happy about the Saudi Arabia's strong influence over the region, and thus Qatar strengthened the relationship with Iran, whcih is the rival of Saudi Arabia, and created the state-owned media channel, called Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera has included the controversial political contents about the Middle East, and therefore Saudi Arabia has not been happy about Qatar.
Although the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) was united to fight against terrorism when the 9/11 terrorist attack happened, Qatar has also maintained relationship with Iran, such as the 2008 meeting that was about the natural gas among Iran, Russia and Qatar.
In 2010 when Al Jazeera reported Arab Spring, some included contents that somewhat supported the Muslim Brotherhood, which started protesting against a dictatorship. This made the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) upset since they thought Al Jazeera encouraged people in the Middle East to upraise.
Under this untrustworthy situation, the United States as the rival of Iran supported Saudi Arabia to block Qatar's air, land and sea in 2017 in the name of "Qatar's close relationship with Iran and encouragement of terrorism". This sanction, however, was not strong enough to undermine Qatar's power because of the high demand of Qatar's natural gas and Iran's support of Qatar.
In 2019, Qatar decided to leave the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) that had led by Saudi Arabia.
Even today, the rise of Qatar in the Middle East has continued.
Now, it should be easier to understand the recent news.