そんな中、Frederik Willem de Klerk という人が 1989年に南アフリカ共和国の大統領になり、Apartheid(アパルトヘイト)を終わらせる取り組みを行います。Nelson Mandera は釈放され、Frederik Willem de Klerk は南アフリカ共和国における白人最後の大統領になるんですね。ちなみにこの時に隣国の Namibia (ナミビア)が南アフリカ共和国から独立しています。
Even before the Republic of South Africa got independence from Britain in 1961, policy of separatism, known as apartheid, was adopted after World War 2. Population was classified based on race into four groups; White, Black, Colored, Asian with white superiority and forced to live in separate areas.
Nelson Mandera led the opposition campaign among civilians.
Although international society also started putting pressure against South African government due to the apartheid, Nelson Mandela was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment for his campaign against the government.
Under this tension, then prime minister in South Africa was associated in 1966, but the separatist policy and protests against the policy continued.
When Frederik Willem de Klerk became a new South African president as the last white leader in the country in 1989, he worked on ending apartheid, and Nelson Mandela was released. At this time, Namibia got independence from South Africa.
In 1994, Nelson Mandela became a new president under a first non-racial and democratic elections. International society lifted sanctions against South Africa, and new constitution was adopted in 1996.
Despite this success in transforming political system, South Africa has struggled with its high economic inequality. The history of exclusion still affect the huge gap between the poor and the rich.
Political corruption also still remains in the country due to the lack of a stable judicial system that allows laws to prohibit corruption not enforced.