今日は中国に住む Uighurs (ウイグル民族)についてです！
Xinjiang 地域は石油や天然ガスが取れる地域で、中国がいま手掛けている The Belt and Road initiatives (一帯一路構想) という各国のインフラ整備に投資して中国との貿易を円滑に進めるプロジェクトの対象地域にも含まれています。
そのため中国は Xinjiang 地域を手放したくないわけですが、中国の人とは文化や民族性など多くの部分で違う Uighurs (ウイグル民族) の人たちは独立したいわけです。
中国政府は Xinjiang 地域への移民を増やしたり、ビジネスの拠点をXinjiang 地域に増やすなど、Uighurs (ウイグル民族) の人たちの多く住む Xinjiang 地域を中国に近いものにしようとしてきました。
Note in English
Most of the Uighurs are Turkic ethnicity, speak Uighur and believe Sunni Muslim, while
most of Chinese people are Han ethnicity, speak Chinese and do not believe Muslim.
Although the Uighurs live not only in China but also in other countries, such as Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, they are the minorities in China and have historically lived in Xinjiang, located in the northwest of China,
Because of the ethnic, linguistic and religious differences, the Uighurs had declared its independence for a short time until the People's Republic of China was established in 1949 and took control over the Uighurs.
Since China got control over Xinjiang, China has increased immigration and business offices to the region in order to reduce the cultural, ethnic, religious and linguistic differences between China and Xinjiang.
This Chinese effort is mainly because Xinjiang is rich in oils and natural gases and is a part of China's Belt and Road initiatives that aim to increase investment on other country's infrastructure for more efficient and better trade transaction with China.
The Uighurs have protested to demand their rights against the China's government that has forced them to learn Mandarin and banned Muslim traditions, such as fasting and attending mosques.
In fact, while the material prices and cost of living have increased due to the economic development by Chinese businesses in Xinjiang, the Uighurs have been discriminated and not getting as many opportunities as Han Chinese, who have taken over many of the employment opportunities in the region.
After the 9/11 radical Islamist attack in 2001, China has increased harsh treatment against the Uighurs by accusing their ties with radical Islamist groups, such as Al-Qaeda. As known as "Re-education camps", the China's government has forced the Uighurs to follow China's communist rules and cultures. Moreover, Britain has accused China for forcing the Uighurs to work for cotton production that supplies to the world market.
Now, it should be easier to understand today's news about the Uighur.