今日は中米にある Cuba(キューバ) についてです！
BBC news, Al Jazeera English, Office of the Historian, Vox
Note in English
Cuba is a very unique country in central America.
Although Cuba is a Spanish speaking country, it has been influenced by multiple countries like Spain, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union. Even today, the foreign influence can be seen in the country.
It is important to consider the rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union when you look at the current situation in Latin America, and Cuba is not exceptional.
In 1992 when Cuba became an independent country, the United States helped Cuba to fight a independence war against Spain. After defeating Spain, the United States gained influence over the independent Cuba in exchange of its protection.
While achieving a democracy after a dictatorship, Fulgencio Batista became a president of Cuba with a support from a communist party. Under remaining the strong U.S. influence, Fulgencio Batista started a dictatorship under strict communist idea, but it failed to achieve the country's stability.
The instability and the strict rules made people in Cuba struggle and led Fidel Castro start revolt against the Batista regime in 1953 as known as the Cuban Revolution. He aimed at achieving the sovereignty of Cuba without the U.S. influence.
After the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro became the new leader of Cuba and took the lead in Cuban politics under communism. Since it threatened the United States to spread communism and undermine the U.S. influence in the international order, the United States started unfriendly diplomacy with Cuba, and this was the time when the Soviet Union as the rival of the United States began supporting Cuba.
In 1962, the Soviet Union strengthened Cuban military with nuclear weapons, which led to the tense dispute over Cuba between the United States and the Soviet Union, known as the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Since the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the world could avoid the situation getting worse, but the U.S. influence over Cuba continued. Although the relationship between Cuba and the United States has been up and down, the conflict between communism and capitalism still affects the current situation in Cuba.